Periodontology – is a branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention and treatment of gum and periodontal diseases.
Not many patients know that the cause of periodontal problems is inadequate oral hy-giene, lack of regular hygienization treatments and genetic predisposition.
One of the most common diseases that we treat with a periodontist is parodontosis. Periodontitis is a chronic disease, manifested by inflammation of the periodontium, i.e., as the name suggests, of the tissues surrounding the teeth.
The tissues surrounding the tooth are a combination of: gums, alveolar bone, perio-dontium, periosteum and root cementum. Periodontal disease and its developing in-flammation can cause damage to all peridental tissues, as a consequence of which we see the exposed tooth neck and finally the lack of stabilization of the tooth and its loss.
What types of periodontitis do we encounter among patients:
- typical – occurs in about 70% of patients, we meet it in patients over 30 years of age
- rapidly progressive occurs in 5% of patients, seen in patients around 20 years of age;
- juvenile – occurs in about 1% of patients, the target group is teenagers
- prepubertal – found in tiny children, even a few years old
How to recognize periodontitis?
This disease is quite insidious. It develops slowly, not giving very noticeable symp-toms during daily hygiene. We see the exposed necks and roots of the gums, which is most often indicated by patients. Pain and discomfort when eating and brushing are noticeable in the more advanced process of periodontitis. Subsequently, the patient may observe hypersensitivity and bleeding of the gums. As a consequence of pro-gressive periodontitis, the patient may lose healthy teeth as a result of loosening and lack of attachment in the bone.
When to visit the dentist?
The basis of a healthy mouth are six-monthly check-ups during which the doctor and hygienist assess both the condition of our teeth and the condition of the gums. Let’s not forget about inspections